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Karate Phrases

Japanese English
Shomen ni rei Bow to dignitaries
Sensei ni rei Bow to the teacher
Otagai ni rei Bow to each other
Moksu Meditation
Moksu yame Stop meditation
Onegaishimasu Please teach me
Domo arigato gozima Thank you for teaching me
Titles Commonly used
 
Sensei Teacher
Yudansha Black belt grades
Senpai Senior Student & / or Teachers Assistant [meaning Senior to yourself]
Kohai Junior Student
   
Counting
 
Ichi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Sichi Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku Nine
Ju Ten
Niju Twenty
Sanju Thirty
Yonju Forty
Goju Fifty
Rokuju Sixty
Nanaju Seventy
Hachiju Eighty
Kuju Ninety
Hyaku One Hundred
   
Dans (Black Belt Levels)
 
Shodan First Dan
Nidan Second Dan
Sandan Third Dan
Yondan Fourth Dan
Godan Fifth Dan
Rockudan Sixth Dan
   
Stances
 
Heisoku Dachi Closed foot stance (feet together)
Musubi Dachi Formal attention stance (heels together, feet at an angle)
Heiko Dachi Parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
Migi Heiko Dachi Right foot forward Heiko Dachi
Hachiji Dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart, toes pointed slightly out)
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Natural stance with heels out and toes in
Shiko Dachi Straddle leg stance
Naname Shiko Dachi Diagonal straddle leg stance
Kiba Dachi Horse riding stance
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass stance
Zenkutsu Dachi Front stance
Han Zenkutsu Dachi Half front stance
Fudo Dachi Free stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat foot stance
Renoji Dachi The letter "Re" stance (or "L" stance)
Sesan Dachi Side facing straddle stance
Sagiashi Dachi Heron stance
Bensoku Dachi Cross-legged stance (also known as female horse stance or Kosa Dachi)
Naihanchi Dachi Kiba Dachi with the heels out and toes in
   
Blocks
 
Gedan Barai Downward block
Uchi Uke Outside forearm block
Soto Uke Inside forearm block
Chudan Uke Inside circular block
Jodan Uke Upward block
Age Uke Rising block
Shuto Uke Knife hand block
Shotei Uke Palm heel block
Shotei Otoshi Uke Open hand dropping block
Yoko Uke Circular block
Hiki Uke Pulling/grasping block
Ko Uke Wrist block
Gedan Uchi Barai Outside downward block (open hand)
Ura Uke Back hand block
Hiji Uke Elbow block
Mawashi Uke Round house block
Morote Uke Augmented block
Sukui Uke Scooping block
Nagashi Uke Sweeping block
Kosa Uke Cross block
Hiza Uke Knee block
Sokutei Osae Uke Pressing block with the sole of the foot
Sokutei Harai Uke Sole of the foot block
Haisoku Barai Instep block
   
Hand Techniques (Strikes & Punches)
 
Seiken Tsuki Fore fist strike
Oi Tsuki Lunge punch
Gyaku Tsuki Reverse punch
Age Tsuki Rising punch
Nihon Tsuki Double punch
Sanbon Tsuki Triple punch
Kagi Tsuki Hook punch
Yama Tsuki Mountain punch
Awase Tsuki U-punch
Heiko Tsuki Parallel punch
Hasami Tsuki Scissors punch
Nagashi Tsuki Flowing punch
Nakadaka Ken Middle finger knuckle fist
Ko Uchi Bent wrist strike
Kote Uchi Forearm strike
Kama-De Bear hand
Washi-De Eagle hand
Empi Elbow strike
Choku Tsuki Straight punch
Ura Tsuki Short punch (palm side up)
Uraken Uchi Back fist strike
Shuto Uchi Knife hand strike
Haito Uchi Ridge hand strike
Hiji Uchi Elbow strike
Tettsui Uchi
Bottom fist strike (or hammer fist strike)
Nukite Tsuki Finger thrust
Shotei Uchi Palm heel strike
Shotei Tsuki Palm heel thrust
Keikoken Tsuki One knuckle fist
Kaikoken Tsuki Crab shell fist
Boshiken Tsuki Thumb fist
Furi Tsuki Circular punch
Mawashi Tsuki Round hook punch
Tate Tsuki Vertical punch
Kizami Tsuki Leading punch, or jab
   
Foot Techniques
 
Mae Geri Keage Front snap kick
Mae Geri Kekomi Front thrust kick
Yoko Geri Keage Side snap kick
Yoko Geri Kekomi Side thrust kick
Mawashi Geri Round house kick
Ushiro Mawashi Geri Round house to the rear kick
Gyaku Mawashi Geri Reverse round house kick
Ushiro Geri Back thrust kick
Kanketsu Geri Stamping kick, joint kick
Hiza Geri Knee kick (also called Hiza Ate)
Nidan Geri Double front snap kick (back leg first)
Ren Geri Double front snap kick (front leg first)
Ashi Barai Foot sweep
Mae Tobi Geri Jumping front kick
Tobi Nidan Geri Jumping double kick
Yoko Tobi Geri Jumping side thrust kick
Kakato Geri Heel kick
Fumikomi Geri Stamping kick
Tsumasaki Geri Kicking with the tips of the toes
Haisoku Geri Kicking with the instep
Sokuto Geri Kicking with the foot edge
   
Target Areas
 
Jodan Face
Chudan Middle area
Gedan Lower area
   
Other Phrases
 
Kamae Ready and alert
Yoi Ready
Hajime Begin
Yame Stop
Hidari Left
Migi Right
Kime Focus
Kumite Sparring
Rei Bow
mawatte turn around
mokuso quiet meditation
rei bow with respect
sensei ni rei bow to the teacher
Oss I understand or with respect
yame stop
yoi ready
atemi strike (often to distract)
bunkai application of kata techniques
Bushido The way of the warrior
dojo place to learn the way, training hall
dogi (gi) karate uniforn
hai yes
hidari left
jiyu kumite freestyle sparring
karateka karate student
kiai spirit yell
kihon basics